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Find Out More About the Various Types of Orthoses

A term that refers to the medical specialty which is more concerned with the application, design and manufacture of the device called as orthosis, is orthotics. This specific specialty of the medical field is basically a combination of other fields such as biomechanics, engineering, anatomy and physiology, and pathophysiology. The term orthosis is the singular form for the said device, and its plural form is orthoses, and the said device is being applied to the patient externally.

An orthosis is primarily manufactured and designed to modify, alter or change the structural and functional aspect of the two bodily systems, namely the neuromuscular system and the skeletal system. The various uses of the different types of orthoses is to reduce the weight bearing forces of the patient; to restrict movement in a specified direction; to assist the movement of the bones, joint, and muscles in a general manner; to limit the movement, immobilize, control or guide the movement of a body segment, joint and extremity for a specified reason; to correct the function and the shape of the patient’s body part; to provide the patient with an easier movement capability; to reduce the pain felt by the patient; and to aid rehabilitation from any fractures after a cast is removed. The common health conditions that can benefit from the orthoses includes cerebral palsy, stroke, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy, scoliosis, plantar fasciitis, polio, joint laxity or arthritis, paralysis, and spina bifida. The common materials used in producing orthosis include carbon fiber, metals, elastic, EVA or ethylene-vinyl acetate, fabric, and thermoplastics.

There are basically three different classifications of orthoses, namely the lower-limb orthoses, the upper-limb orthoses, and the spinal orthoses. Upper-limb is a term that refers to the upper extremities of a person, and the orthoses for the said body parts are designed either as a mechanical or an electromechanical device and this device is being applied to the arm or arm segments. The different examples of the upper-limb orthoses are the elbow orthoses, hand orthoses, forearm-wrist-hand orthoses, forearm-wrist orthoses, forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses, functional arm orthoses, arm orthoses, and clavicular and shoulder orthoses. The three common examples of the spinal orthoses are the Milwaukee brace, the Boston brace, and the Charleston bending brace; and this specific device is commonly used for the health condition, like spinal fractures and abnormal curvature of the spine called as scoliosis. Lower-limb is a term that refers to the lower extremities of a person, which includes the foot, ankle and knee. The various examples of the lower-limb orthoses are the foot orthoses, the KO or the knee orthosis, the prophylactic braces, the KAFOs or the knee-ankle-foot orthosis, and the ankle-foot orthosis.

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